Differences in Welding Rod (7018 vs 6013)

Welding rods, or welding electrodes, are necessary consumables employed in different welding procedures to fuse metal pieces. Various factors influence the decision of the welding rod these include base metal composition, tensile strength requirement, welding position etc. nor will it perform in-service conditions such as tensile strength requirement or environmental factors that will confront them during working life.

What is 7018 best used for?

The 7018 welding rod is a handy tool for accomplishing different applications because it is ideal for welding steel and other low-alloy steels; it may be utilised for almost anything. Low-carbon steel shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) frequently utilises this electrode which may also match with carbon, low alloy or even stainless steel metals. The 7018 welding rod has become famous because of tough fracture-resistant metals as a consequence of low hydrogen content.

7018 welding rod is popular because it produces strong and ductile welds, so it is used for welding structures such as high-rise buildings, dams, bridges, pipes, boilers, and other high-powered equipment. Welders prefer this welding rod due to its ability to make a stable arc with minimum spatter, hence its all-weather nature and reliability.

What are 6013 rods best for?

Welding is a method of joining two metal pieces together using heat. The heat melts the metal at the joining location and a filler material is added to it. The purpose of using filler material is to enhance strength, rigidity and other properties that are characteristic of the metals being joined. The welding process involves fusing metals by melting them. The fusing can be done across all metals like steel, Aluminium, copper etc. The choice of metal to be welded depends on the application.

Differentiating 6013 & 7018 Stick Welding Rods

One must spend time mastering stick welding because it is an art. For anyone to start doing professional work, they must understand certain techniques and equipment used in stick welding just as they would need any other form of art. The most commonly used welding sticks are two and this article will focus on them –6013 as well as 7018 – in connection with the professional world of welding.

6013 & 7018 Stick Welding Rod Characteristics

I have a question, what do numbers on electrodes indicate? According to the lettering and numbering of a welding rod, it denotes certain features, and the electrode’s tensile strength is given in kilopounds per square inch, abbreviated KSI. There are two groups of numbering shown on a welding rod used for different welding applications based on their properties.

It’s easy to order what you need once you understand the distinctions between these figures. Stick welding electrode numbers are easy to understand if you follow our simple guide.

The First Two Welding Stick Numbers

Starting with 60 or 70, the most popular electrode rods will. These numbers are equivalent to the tensile strength in kilopounds per square inch (KSI) that each electrode produces. In other words, what does e6018’s 60 mean?, as well as e7018’s 70? Sixty means sixty thousand pounds (60,000 lb) whereas seventy stands for seventy thousand pounds or 70,000 lbs, respectively. Thus, very often the welded surface has more solidity than objects being joined together.

You’ll probably choose a lower number of electrodes if you’re welding for a straightforward DIY project. However, if you’re welding metal for a big job, like a building site, you could need a larger electrode. 

What Does My Stick Welding Rod’s “E” Letter Mean? 

In case there is an E on your welding rod, it can be disregarded; E means electrode, which is another term for a welding rod. Those rods that have E and those that do not have no difference at all; it’s just that the four-digit number is what matters.

6013 Welding Rods

The most relevant use for the 6013 rod is low penetration with the 6013 electrode being ideal for light to medium penetration (on) thin or sheet metallic pieces; not forgetting its ability to be used in various fields including farm implements as well as making furniture out of metal frames that also double up as containers such as trailers used to transport fuel and other petroleum products ending at situations where one would seek a perfect look aesthetically.

6013 Welding Rod Benefits

6013 Welding rods are versatile because they are made of mild steel which has a smooth arc with complete penetration. They can be used at any point during welding even overhead without much problem. The arc created by 6013 Welding rods is easy to maintain as it doesn’t produce much spatter. In addition, these products contain a high titania potassium coat while tensile strength stands at 60,000 PSI which covers most personal welding needs.


  • High-quality weld
  • Ideal for beginners
  • Works in all positions


  • Not appropriate for applications involving heavy welding
  • Restricted penetration in contrast to the 6010 and 7018 rods
  • Leaves behind a thick slag buildup that, if not used properly, can be challenging to manage.
  • It can be challenging to tell a puddle from slag.
  • Not as robust as other rods, such as the 7018

7018 Welding Rods

Welders can use premium 7018 rods for all sorts of carbon steels, including, low, medium, and high carbon steels, as well as higher-strength low alloy steel. It is an excellent rod for controlling the arc trajectory and reducing the post-weld splatter. 7018 welding rods are easy to start (strike), do not splash much, produce consistently smooth puddles that are simple to inculcate and have easily removable slags. Of course, one of the biggest advantages of the 7018 welding rod is the possibility of making the weld while having the electrode in any position. 7018 welding sticks are perfect for low, medium, and high carbon steels as well as high-strength low alloy steel structures.

7018 Welding Rod Benefits

Structural and general-purpose welding applications that require extra polish or have high melting points use welding rods made of carbon steel. On top of that, 7018 welding rods can be used for welding in all positions with AC/DC power sources. The low-hydrogen iron coating on a 7018 welding rod makes it less likely to crack thereby safeguarding the weld puddle from oxygen and water making it possible for this rod to be operational even under freezing conditions.


  • High stability
  • Splatter free
  • Reduced noise
  • Performs well in freezing temperatures


  • Higher amperage and more expertise are needed to use it properly.
  • Not advised for use when welding thin metal sheets.
  • Possibly more spittle-producing than other rods
  • Very little infiltration
  • needs a dry atmosphere to avoid absorbing hydrogen, which could weaken the weld.

6013 or 7018 Welding Sticks, Which Should You Choose?

The kind of welding rod used would depend on what is needed and the user’s expertise. In most welding courses, trainees use 6013 rods as their good arc characteristics make it easy for learners to strike and maintain an arc. The 6013 rods will take care of the average everyday repair where higher strength is not needed.

In most cases, the 7018 is an industry-standard. Noteworthy is that it has high tensile strength, high yield point, and a high oxygen content so that it doesn’t crack when used in civil engineering structures such as bridges. On the other hand, one problem with this electrode is that there are no traces of moisture-resistant hydrogen hence one must be stored in a hot box otherwise absorbed into it will weaken steel rods.

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